.htaccess

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Deny access to wp-config.php

<files wp-config.php>
order allow,deny
deny from all
</files>

Set timezone

## set the server timezone
SetEnv TZ America/New_York

Block include-only files

# Block the include-only files.
RewriteEngine On
RewriteBase /
RewriteRule ^wp-admin/includes/ - [F,L]
RewriteRule !^wp-includes/ - [S=3]
RewriteRule ^wp-includes/[^/]+\.php$ - [F,L]
RewriteRule ^wp-includes/js/tinymce/langs/.+\.php - [F,L]
RewriteRule ^wp-includes/theme-compat/ - [F,L]

Limit indexing of folders

# limit indexing of directories
Options All -Indexes

Protect .htaccess file

# protect the htaccess file,
# this is done by default with apache config file,
# but you never know.
<files .htaccess>
order allow,deny
deny from all
</files>

Disable server signature

# disable the server signature
ServerSignature Off

Limit file uploads

# limit file uploads to 20mb
LimitRequestBody 20480000

WordPress rewrite

# BEGIN WordPress
<IfModule mod_rewrite.c>
RewriteEngine On
RewriteBase /
RewriteRule ^index\.php$ - [L]
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
RewriteRule . /index.php [L]
</IfModule>

# END WordPress

Expires caching

## EXPIRES CACHING ##
<IfModule mod_expires.c>
 ExpiresActive on

# Perhaps better to whitelist expires rules? Perhaps.
 ExpiresDefault      "access plus 1 month"

# cache.appcache needs re-requests
# in FF 3.6 (thx Remy ~Introducing HTML5)
 ExpiresByType text/cache-manifest "access plus 0 seconds"

# Your document html
 ExpiresByType text/html "access plus 0 seconds"

# Data
 ExpiresByType text/xml "access plus 0 seconds"
 ExpiresByType application/xml "access plus 0 seconds"
 ExpiresByType application/json "access plus 0 seconds"

# RSS feed
 ExpiresByType application/rss+xml "access plus 1 hour"

# Favicon (cannot be renamed)
 ExpiresByType image/x-icon "access plus 1 week"

# Media: images, video, audio
 ExpiresByType image/gif "access plus 1 month"
 ExpiresByType image/png "access plus 1 month"
 ExpiresByType image/jpg "access plus 1 month"
 ExpiresByType image/jpeg "access plus 1 month"
 ExpiresByType video/ogg "access plus 1 month"
 ExpiresByType audio/ogg "access plus 1 month"
 ExpiresByType video/mp4 "access plus 1 month"
 ExpiresByType video/webm "access plus 1 month"

# HTC files  (css3pie)
 ExpiresByType text/x-component "access plus 1 month"

# Webfonts
 ExpiresByType font/truetype "access plus 1 month"
 ExpiresByType font/opentype "access plus 1 month"
 ExpiresByType application/x-font-woff   "access plus 1 month"
 ExpiresByType image/svg+xml "access plus 1 month"
 ExpiresByType application/vnd.ms-fontobject "access plus 1 month"

# CSS and JavaScript
 ExpiresByType text/css "access plus 1 year"
 ExpiresByType application/javascript "access plus 1 year"
 ExpiresByType text/javascript "access plus 1 year"

 <IfModule mod_headers.c>
  Header append Cache-Control "public"
 </IfModule>
</IfModule>

Disable caching for a directory

Place this in the directory with content you don't want cached:

<IfModule mod_expires.c>
# disable caching forthis directory mod_expires for this directory
ExpiresActive off
</IfModule>

Enable Keep-Alive

<IfModule mod_headers.c>
   Header set Connection keep-alive
</IfModule>